Davidson is the co-author of A Concise History of the Middle East and author of America's Palestine: Popular and Official Perceptions from Balfour to Israeli Statehood; Islamic Fundamentalism; and The Alexian Brothers: An Evolutionary Look at the Monastery and Modern Health Care.

A member of West Chester University's history faculty since 1986, he earned his bachelor's degree from Rutgers University and completed his master's and Ph.D. degrees from Georgetown University and the University of Alberta in Canada, respectively.

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On Great Photographs and Their Impact

Editor’s note : I’ve been witness to and been part of the great change that has taken place in the reporting of the Israel-Palestine conflict. A decade ago, all we witnessed were images of masked gun-toting terrorists in the print and electronic media (Israeli propaganda); that has thankfully changed. Words like Zionists, Israel Lobby, Neocons, were banned (bad) words even by so-called progressive online media. American writers especially trembled if someone in the room uttered these words. Not anymore! Those days are gone, thanks to the few brave souls who kicked those doors open and lifted the taboo.Today, on reading Dr. Lawrence Davidson’s analysis, I was reminded of  an editor friend at the Khaleej Times, Dubai, (United Arab Emirates), the local English print daily,who struggled with his boss to get approval to publish a picture of Palestinian women and children killed in this so-called conflict. I provide a link to his 2006 article below, for those who might be interested in knowing what transpired. (Aijaz received the European Union’s prestigious Lorenzo Natali Journalism Prize in 2007 for his writings on the Darfur conflict.)    

The picture worth a thousand words, by Aijaz Zaka Syed :  http://www.khaleejtimes.com/ColumnistHomeNew.asp?xfile=data/aijazzakasyed/2006/November/columnistaijazzakasyed_November4.xml&section=aijazzakasyed&col=yes

Look at the faces of the fathers, the brothers and the uncles as they carry the children from the scenes of the crimes, or fold them away in their shrouds, and lay them into the ground, and wonder, what will they do next?  Go home and  build a bomb?  Ask the local militant where they can get a weapon and some weapon training?  Or, will they, forgive their neighbors? 

For more photos of Israeli airstrikes on Palestinian homes in Gaza, go to : HuffPost here  (warning graphic photos)


by Dr. Lawrence Davidson

World Press Photo of the Year 2012 by Paul Hansen.


Part I – Emotionally Moving Pictures


 Some images move us, or at least should move us, to sudden insight into the consequences of our actions. Images of innocent victims of violence, particularly children, should have the capacity to penetrate the most hardened defenses and touch our hearts. However, the truth is that this does not always occur. Skewed information environments, operating over time, may condition us to react with compassion only to images depicting the suffering of our own community. When many of us see the anguish we have caused an “enemy,” we feel not compassion or regret but annoyance. The reaction is:  “Why are you showing me that? Don’t you know it is their (the other’s) own behavior that made us hurt them?  It is their own fault.”  That we react this way to the horrors we are capable of causing is a sure sign that those same actions have dehumanized us.


 Part II – The Pictures in Question


On 15 February 2013, The World Press Photo of the Year 2012 (pasted above) was made public. The winning image (selected from 103,481 photos submitted by 5,666 photographers from 124 countries) was taken by Swedish photojournalist Paul Hansen, working for the daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter.

 The photo depicts a funeral procession in the narrow streets of Gaza. Two men, visibly expressing the emotions of anguish and anger, are leading the procession. They are carrying the bodies of two-year old Sahaib Hijazi and her four-year old brother Muhammad. Both children are wrapped in white shrouds. Both were killed when their house was hit by an Israeli missile strike on 20 November 2012.

 In making the announcement of the winning image, Santiago Lyon, vice president and director of photography for The Associated Press, said, “A picture should engage the head, the heart and the stomach….This picture for us on the jury reached us on these three levels.” Winning the prize with such a photo brought mixed emotions to Hansen, “I was very happy on one level, of course….And, I was also very sad. It was a very sad situation.

— On 15 November 2012, five days before Hansen’s photo was taken, another photograph showed up on the front page of the Washington Post. This image showed Jihad Masharawi, a Palestinian journalist resident in Gaza, in deep anguish as he holds the body of his dead 11 month-old son killed when an Israeli bomb landed on their home. Mary Ann Golon, the Post’s director of Photography, explained, “When we looked at the selection that night of Middle East photos from the wire services, this photo got everyone in the gut…it went straight to the heart, this sobbing man who just lost his baby son.” It should also have spoken to the head, but for some of the Post’s readers, that was not the case.


Jihad Misharawi, a BBC Arabic journalist who lives in Gaza, carries the body of his 11-month old son, Omar, in Gaza City, in this Nov. 15, 2012 front page photo of The Washington Post.


The fact that this image found its way onto the front page of the Washington Post meant that it was noticed by many more Americans than the Hansen photo. As a consequence  Zionist readers and organizations wrote to the paper’s ombudsman and the editors, “protesting the photo as biased.” What they meant was that the Post should have somehow made it clear that the Palestinians had “made the Israelis do this” by periodically launching their small rockets into southern Israel.  In other words, they wanted to know why the paper had not “balanced the photo of the grieving [Palestinian] father with one of Israelis who had lost a loved one from Gaza rocket fire.” The answer was that, as of that date, there were no such victims in this round of fighting. “No Israeli had been killed by Gaza rocket fire since Oct. 29, 2011, more than a year earlier.”

The Post readers who complained were obviously ignorant of this fact. It is probably the case that the Washington Post itself had done nothing to enlighten them about the asymmetric nature of Israeli-Palestinian violence. However, even if the protesting readers were aware of this factor, it might have made little difference. The grieving man was a Palestinian and, in the eyes of the staunch supporters of Israel, that made him responsible for his own grief.  His enemy status delegitimized his emotions and thereby undercut the legitimacy of the photograph.

 — As soon as the the Washington Post image appeared, the Israeli military started posting images of wounded Israelis, particularly children. One emotionally moving photo of a wounded baby also ended up on Prime Minister Netanyahu’s official Twitter account.


Thus began a sort of contest of emotionally moving pictures.  Which ones would be seen and move the largest audience?  

 By virtue of their superior firepower and readiness to use it the Israelis could not win this contest. They simply were out there killing and maiming more people than the Palestinians ever could.  Thus it would be Palestinian suffering that was bound to provide the most newsworthy pictures.  This asymmetry was compounded by an apparent need, on the part of some Israelis, to advertise their willingness to be brutal.  And so, Israeli images that were at once threatening and disturbing were posted on the internet. 

— For instance, on 15 February 2013, an image was posted on Instagram, an image sharing website, by an Israeli soldier, Mir Ostrovski, who apparently belongs to a “sniper unit.” It shows the head and back of a Palestinian boy in the cross-hairs of a rifle. One assumes it is Ostrovski’s rifle. The photo was commented upon by the organization Breaking Silence, which represents Israeli veterans critical of their government’s policies toward the Palestinians. “This is what the occupation looks like,” the group wrote, “[such] pictures are testaments to the abuse of power rooted in the military control of another people.”


We can be pretty sure that was not Ostrovski’s take on the situation. The head in the crosshairs, despite its youth, belonged to an enemy.


Part III – Conclusion


The old cliche that tells us a picture is worth a thousand words, says nothing about what those words might be.  As it turns out, they are not determined by the image alone. They are also determined by the state of mind of the viewer and that mind is, in turn, embedded in an information environment. In respect to Israel and Palestine, the West’s informational environment was once dominated by the Zionist narrative.  That is no longer the case. The Palestinian narrative is now also present.  That the first two images pasted above are in the news at all is a sign of this change.  As a result, the Zionist readers of the Washington Post cry foul and speak of “bias.”  It would be better if they stopped complaining and tried to look at those images with an “unbiased” mind. 

 Perhaps it would help them do so if they considered the words of  Shylock in The Merchant of Venice and their application to the Palestinian frame of mind. 


 If you prick us, do we not bleed?…if you poison


us, do we not die? And if you wrong us, shall we not


revenge?  If we are like you in the rest, we will

resemble you in that….The villainy you

teach me, I will execute, and it shall go hard but I

will better the instruction.


The Israelis and their supporters should look long and hard at those images that depict the consequences of their own actions.  They should think long and hard on the fact that they may pay for that action in kind.  For it is primarily they, the stronger party, who must overcome the barriers to compassion and regret.

Editing: Debbie Menon


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Posted by on February 24, 2013, With 0 Reads, Filed under Afghanistan War (2002-?), Africa Wars, Libyan Civil War (2011-?), War. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can leave a response or trackback to this entry

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2 Responses to "On Great Photographs and Their Impact"

  1. DaveE  February 25, 2013 at 1:28 am

    “Ye are not of Abraham…….. ye are of your father, the Devil….. He was a liar and a murderer from the beginning, who abode not in the truth, as there is no truth in him.” —– Some guy named John.

    Translation: If this scum is talking, it’s A LIE.

  2. rhys  February 24, 2013 at 7:44 pm

    With the greatest respect to the author, if he considers that any of the pictures shown in this artitcle or any picture, anywhere, would haved any impact on a psychotic Israeli or any US apologists for the criminal state of israel, then I would have to say, that is unlikley. It is not part of their nature to feel anything for anyone other than a Jew. A fact, well established and proven in Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Libya and almost every other area of conflict. The dirty fingers of Israel are there. Count on it.

    Did they flinch when they strafed the crew of the USS Liberty in 1967? The best reports from the crew themselves was that they didn’t. Their aim was to kill US sailors in the water, helpless and drowning.
    Such is an Israeli.

    Have they shown any mercy in the ethnic cleansing which is part of their military orders every day? Trained killer soldiers or imported killer settlers, it makes little difference, all designed to rid Palestine of Palestinians, the long term Eretz Israel plan and the world stands by, neutered by the US veto and the corrupt US AIPAC Congress and US AIPAC Senate, awash with Israeli largesse in the form of money, advertising, electoral funding, and anything else that comes to mind.
    The return. Total devotion to the Israeli flag, (not the Stars and Stripes) no arguments, just do what you are told.

    The Zionist have it in place NOW and the US people have let it happen for forty years.

    A photo? Wouldn’t rate a second glance. After all, the Zionist Neocon actions, (WITH THE AGREEMENT OF US POLITICANS ) in sanctions alone, was responsible for the deaths of 600,000 Iraqi children.

    How’s that for inhumanity?

    This then is the new America, a country that US soldiers fought and died for, 6,000 at the last count in Iraq and Afghaniistan. Can anyone remember those photos? Not a soul, except a veteran.

    Where to, next? Don’t ask Defense, politicans, or the President. ASK ISRAEL

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